Reference information, including acronyms and glossary.
ActivityWhat an agency does to convert inputs into outputs.
Additional estimatesWhere amounts appropriated at Budget time are insufficient, Parliament may appropriate more funds to portfolios through the Additional Estimates Acts.
Administered itemsExpenses, revenues, assets or liabilities managed by agencies on behalf of the Commonwealth. Agencies do not control administered items. Administered expenses include grants, subsidies and benefits. In many cases, administered expenses fund the delivery of third party outputs.
AgencyAgencies are Departments of State, Departments of Parliament and 'prescribed agencies' for the purposes of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997. Where the term is used generally in this document, it is meant to refer to departments, agencies, authorities and non-commercial companies.
AppropriationAn authorisation by Parliament to spend monies from the Consolidated Revenue Fund for a particular purpose.
Australian Public Service
employee person engaged under section 22, or a person who is engaged as an APS employee under section 72, of the Public Service Act 1999.
AssetsFuture economic benefits controlled by an entity as a result of past transactions or other past events.
Average staffing levelThe average number of employees receiving salary or wages over the financial year, with adjustments for casual and part-time employees to show the full-time equivalent.
Bureau of Communications ResearchThe Department’s independent economic and statistical research unit.
CarrierHolder of a carrier licence.
Chief Executive InstructionsInstructions on the administration of the Department issued by the Secretary under Regulation 6 of the Financial Management and Accountability Regulations 1997.
Conditions precedentA condition that delays the coming into effect of a right, usually under a contract, until that condition is fulfilled.
Copper networkTelstra’s copper-based customer access network, which is used to deliver standard voice telephony and broadband services.
Consultancy servicesRefers to external, expert professional skills that are bought to investigate or diagnose a defined issue or problem, carry out defined research, reviews or evaluations, or to provide independent advice, information or creative solutions to help the Department, usually when it does not have these skills internally.
ConvergenceThe process by which functionalities that were once provided by particular technologies (for example, televisions, phones and computers) and platforms (for example, broadcast, telecommunications and online) are supported by other technologies and platforms so that the end-user experience is similar regardless of the platform or device.
Corporate GovernanceThe process by which agencies are directed and controlled. It is generally understood to encompass authority, accountability, stewardship, leadership, direction and control.
DeliverablesThe tangible product of a programme that should be measurable or quantifiable units or activities.
Departmental items Resources directly controlled by agencies, including salaries and allowances.
DepreciationAn expense recognised systematically for the purpose of allocating the cost of a non-current asset over its useful life.
digitalbusiness.gov.auThis website provides up-to-date practical guidance for Australian small-to-medium businesses (
), not-for-profit (
Not for profit
) organisations and community groups about how to establish or enhance their online presence.
Digital Business KitsProvide tailored and industry-specific information resources to help SMEs and NFPs use digital platforms to transition their businesses into the digital age, and realise the benefits of high-speed broadband.
Digital dividendRefers to the radiofrequency spectrum previously used for analog television, which was freed up by the switchover from analog to digital-only television.
Digital Dividend AuctionThe digital dividend auction was held in 2013 and used a single auction format to allocate spectrum licences in the 700
bands which are highly suitable for 4G mobile broadband services.
Digital Enterprise ProgrammeA Government funded programme to provide free group training and face-to-face support to help small-to-medium enterprises and not-for-profit organisations improve the way they do business and deliver services online.
Digital HubsOperating in 40 communities since 2012, this Programme had provided a place where people could go to get help to improve their digital literacy skills by attending free group training, or seeking one-on-one assistance. It ended on 30 June 2015.
Digital Transformation OfficeAn Executive
Agencies are Departments of State, Departments of Parliament and ’prescribed agencies’ for the purposes of the Financial Management and Accountability Act 1997. Where the term is used generally in this document, it is meant to refer to departments, agencies, authorities and non—commercial companies
within the Communications portfolio. It will deliver a streamlined user experience for individuals and businesses transacting with government by reducing red tape and increasing the efficiency of government service delivery.
Enterprise AgreementA written agreement about working conditions and wages made between an employer and its employees.
Expense Total value of all of the resources consumed in producing goods and services.
Fibre to the nodeNetwork design where the fibre network is deployed to nodes closer to customers’ premises, with copper lines being used for the connection between the node and the premises.
Fibre to the premisesNetwork design where the fibre network is deployed to individual premises.
Financial resultsThe results shown in the financial statements of an agency.
Fixed lineNetwork in which voice, data or broadband services are delivered over a physical line.
Fixed wirelessNetwork design in which network connections are provided through radio signals.
GigahertzA unit for measuring frequency. 1GHz is equal to 1 thousand million Hertz or 1,000 MHz. In the context of this report it is used to describe the frequency of radiofrequency spectrum.
Hybrid-fibre coaxialNetwork utilising both optical fibre and coaxial cable which can be used to deliver pay TV, internet and voice services.
Integrated Public Number DatabaseThe database of all telephone numbers in Australia.
Independent Cost-Benefit Analysis of Broadband and Review of Regulation (Vertigan Review).This Review assessed the economic and social costs and benefits of faster broadband delivered using different technologies. It also examined and made recommendations on the future structure and regulation of the telecommunications sector. It was carried out by a panel of experts in 2014–15.
Internal auditingInternal auditing is an independent, objective assurance and consulting activity designed to add value and improve an organisation's operations. It helps an organisation accomplish its objectives by bringing a systematic, disciplined approach to evaluating and improving the effectiveness of risk management, control and governance processes.
Key performance indicatorsThe basis on which to assess the effectiveness of a programme in achieving its objectives.
LiabilitiesFuture sacrifices of economic benefits that an entity is presently obliged to make to other entities as a result of past transactions or other past events.
MaterialityTakes into account the planned outcome and the relative significance of the resources consumed in contributing to the achievement of that outcome.
Megabits per secondA unit of measurement of transmission speeds. One megabit per second is equal to 1,000 kilobits per second.
MegahertzA unit for measuring frequency. 1MHz is equal to 1 million Hertz. In the context of this report it is used to describe the frequency of radiofrequency spectrum.
Migration Assurance Policy FrameworkA framework setting out the respective roles and responsibilities of parties involved in the end-to-end process of migrating fixed-line services off the copper network. It has been developed by the Government in collaboration with
National Broadband Network
Co Limited and Telstra, and is informed by the migration experiences in the first 31 rollout regions.
Mobile black spotA location with poor or non-existent mobile coverage.
NationalMapA joint initiative with
National Information Communications Technology Australia
and Geoscience Australia, the NationalMap is the first open source, open data and whole-of-government platform in Australia. It was launched in 2014–15.
NBN CoThe company established by the Government to build and operate the NBN.
Non-ongoing employeeA person engaged as an
Australian Public Service
employee under subsection 22(2)(b) or 22(2)(c) of the Public Service Act 1999.
Office of the Children’s e-Safety CommissionerAn independent statutory office that takes a national leadership role in online safety for children. It came into effect on 1 July 2015.
Ongoing employeeA person engaged as an ongoing APS employee under subsection 22(2)(a) of the Public Service Act 1999.
OutcomesThe results, impacts or consequences of actions by the Commonwealth on the Australian community.
PremisesLocations with addresses where NBN Co must provide access to the NBN.
RestackThe process of clearing television broadcasting services to new channels to release the digital dividend of 700 megahertz spectrum is often referred to ‘restack’.
SpectrumThe span of electromagnetic frequencies used in communications systems.
Stay Smart OnlineThe Government's online safety and security website, designed to help everyone understand the risks and simple steps we can take to protect our personal and financial information online.
Structural separationThe separation of ownership of Telstra's retail business from its customer access network. It prevents Telstra as a network owner advantaging its downstream retail operations to the detriment of competitors. Within the NBN Co fixed line rollout area, it will be achieved by the migration of Telstra's customer services to the NBN Co fibre network as it is rolled out.
Telstra Definitive AgreementsThe commercial agreements entered into between NBN Co and Telstra in 2011 and amended in 2014 which set out Telstra’s participation in the rollout of the NBN.
Universal service obligationMakes sure standard telephone services are reasonably accessible to all people in Australia (other than people in designated
Standard Telephone Service
areas) on an equitable basis, wherever they reside or carry on business; and ensures payphones are reasonably accessible to all people in Australia on an equitable basis, wherever they reside or carry on business.
Very-High-Bit-Rate Digital Subscriber LineProvides data transmission faster than ADSL using copper wires.